Paving Their Way and Earning Their Pay: Economic Survival Experiences of Immigrants in East Toronto
This paper lies at the intersection of precarious labour and immigrant
employment experiences. The labour market has evolved over the past few
decades such that jobs are increasingly precarious - poorly paid, insecure,
and lacking in employee protections. Immigrants are overrepresented
among those working precarious jobs and face compounded challenges to
achieving socio-economic stability. Immigrants, especially immigrant
women, experience heightened exploitation and marginalization in the
process of trying to economically and socially integrate into Canadian
society. The paper investigates how immigrants living in an east Toronto
ethnic enclave navigates the labour market and survive precarious and
informal employment realities. It makes use of a unique empirical survey
of this community to help shed light on the economic lives of this
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